List of Volcanoes in India

List of Volcanoes in India
Barren Island/Image Credit: Arijay Prasad
Barren Island
Barren Island (Andaman Islands) is only active volcano in India and South Asia.

The first eruption of Barren Island volcano was recorded in 1787. Then eruption was recorded in 1789, 1795, 1803-04, 1852, 1991, 1994-95, 2005-07 and 2015. However, a minor volcanic activity was also recorded in 23 January 2017.

Sticking to its name, there is no human population in the Island, but it is home to many flora and fauna species, and some endemic to Andaman and Nicobar Islands group. Therefore, Barren Island eruption might not affect the population but it can affect the endemic flora and fauna.

Narcondam Island
Narcondam Island is a small volcanic island located in the Andaman Sea. The Geological Survey of India classifies it as the dormant volcano. It's peak measures at 710 m (2330 ft.). The name could have been derived from Tamil word, naraka-kundam, meaning pit of the Hell.

Baratang Island
Baratang Island is part of the Andaman Island group. Baratang Island is known for its rare mud volcano. The mud volcanoes have erupted sporadically, with recent activity in 2005, related to 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. The locals call it Jalaki.

The Deccan Traps
The Deccan Traps is a large igneous province located on the Deccan Plateau of India, and one of the largest volcanic traps on the Earth. It is assumed, the Deccan Traps began forming around 66.25 million year ago and last for less than 30,000 years in total, ending around 66 million year ago. The bulk of eruption occurred at Western Ghats of India.

Dhinodhar Hills
Dhinodhar Hills are located near Kutch, Gujarat. It is an extinct volcano and now a Hindu pilgrimage.

Dhosi Hill
Dhosi Hill is an extinct volcano, standing alone in the North-West of the Aravali mountain range, in the Mahendragarh district of Haryana. It's elevation from the sea level measures at 1170 m and in the range of 350-470 m from surrounding land.