Vidhan Sabha and Vidhan Parishad Seats in India (State-wise List)

Vidhan Sabha and Vidhan Parishad Seats in India (State-wise List)
Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha (or the Legislative Assembly) is the lower house (in case of bicameral legislature) or the sole house (in case of unicameral legislature) in different states of India. On another hand, Vidhan Parishad or the Legislative Council is the upper house of the assembly (in case of bicameral legislature).

As of now, all 29 states and 2 union territories (Delhi and Puducherry) have Vidhan Sabha, but, only 7 out of 29 states have Vidhan Parishad. The seven states are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Uttar Pradesh.

Difference between Vidhan Sabha and Vidhan Parishad
Members of Vidhan Sabha (or MLA) are directly elected representatives of people, whereas members of Vidhan Parishad (known as MLC) are indirectly elected. They get elected by members of local civic bodies and Governer of the state.

Vidhan Sabha can be dissolved by order of President, but Vidhan Parishad cannot be dissolved. It is Permanent House of the Assembly like Rajya Sabha.

Similarly, tenure for Vidhan Sabha is 5 year and tenure for Vidhan Parishad is 6 years.

The maximum strength of a Vidhan Sabha is 500 whereas the size of Vidhan Parishad cannot be more than one-third of Vidhan Sabha.

On flip side, the minimus strength of Vidhan Sabha is 60 and Vidhan Parishad is 40. Though, this strength can be reduced to a lower number on the basis of population and other demographical factors.

Uttar Pradesh has highest number of Vidhan Sabha (403) and Vidhan Parishad (100) members.

Goa (40), Sikkim (32), Mizoram (40) and Puducherry (30) are four states which have lower number of Vidhan Seats than required minimum strength. Similarly, Jammu and Kashmir has only 36 Vidhan Parishad member, four short of required minimum strength.

Delhi (70) and Puducherry (30) are only two union territories with a Vidhan Sabha. It is important to note that no union territory has a Vidhan Parishad.

StateVidhan Sabha SeatsVidhan Parishad Seats
Andhra Pradesh17558
Arunachal Pradesh60
Assam126
Bihar24375
Chhattisgarh90
Goa40
Gujarat182
Haryana90
Himachal Pradesh68
Jammu and Kashmir8736
Jharkhand81
Karnataka22475
Kerala140
Madhya Pradesh230
Maharashtra28878
Manipur60
Meghalaya60
Mizoram40
Nagaland60
Odisha147
Punjab117
Rajasthan200
Sikkim32
Tamil Nadu234
Telangana11943
Tripura60
Uttar Pradesh403100
Uttarakhand70
West Bengal294
Union Territory
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Chandigarh
Dadra and Haveli
Daman and Diu
Delhi70
Lakshdweep
Puducherry30