Languages of Karnataka

Languages of Karnataka
A Siddi Girl: Siddi is one of the minor non Dravidian language in Karnataka
Kannada is the official and most widely spoken language of Karnataka. It is spoken by 66.54 percent people of Karnataka. It is followed by Urdu (10.83), Telugu (5.84), Tamil (3.45), Marathi (3.38), Hindi (3.30), Tulu (2.61), and others.

Languages of Karnataka

Kannada:  Kannada is the official language of Karnataka. It has played a crucial role in the creation of the state during 1956 Indian state reorganization. It features a rich and ancient literature. It is one of the classical languages of India. The Kannada literature include works of Jainism, Veerashaivism, Vaishvanism, and modern literature. Halmidi inscription, the oldest full length inscription in Kannada dates back to 450 CE, while earliest literary work, Kavirajamarga, dates back to 850 CE.

Tulu: Tulu is a Dravidian language spoken mostly in the south west region of Karnataka. It is also spoken in the Kasargod district of Kerala. The Tulu spoken region is also known as Tulu Nadu, and native speakers of Tulu are known as Tuluva. As of 2011, there are total 1,846,427 native Tulu speakers in India.

Kodava Takk: Kodava Takk or simply Kodava is an endangered Dravidian language and the native language of the Kodagu district in Southern Karnataka. The language has two dialects: Mendele (spoken in Central and Northern Kodagu) and Kiggat (spoken in Southern Kodaggu).

Beary: Beary or Byari is an Indian language mostly spoken by members of Muslim community in Southern Karnataka (Dakshina Karnataka, and Udupi), and  a part of Kerala (Byari). It is influenced by Malayalam and Tulu. It is also known as Mappilla Bhasha as it is also spoken by Mappilla Muslims of Kerala.

Sankethi: Sankethi is a Dravidian language. It is a transitional language between Tamil and Kannada. It is mostly spoken by Sankethi people who migrated from Sengottai, Tamilnadu to Karnataka.

Koraga: Koraga, sometimes referred as Koragar, Koragara, or Korangi, is a Dravidian language spoken by the Koraga people, a scheduled tribe of Dakshina Kannada. It is also spoken in few parts of Kerala. Koraga has four main dialects. First, Mudu Koraga, spoken in Karnataka, and second, Korra Koraga spoken in Kerala.

Kudiya: Kudiya is a minor Dravidian language, majorly spoken in Dakshina Karnataka region. It has around 2800 speakers.

Irula: Irula is a Dravidian language spoken by the Irulas of the Nilgiri mountains. It is mainly spoken in the states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.  It has 200000 speakers.

Badaga: Badaga is a Dravidian language spoken by approximately 135,000 Badaga people in Mysore (Karnataka), and Niligiris (Tamil Nadu).

Ravula: Ravula, locally known as Yerava, is a Dravidian language. It is majorly spoken in the Kodagu district of Karnataka, and Kannur district of Kerala.

Other minor indigenous languages spoken in Karnataka are Holiya, Toda, Wayanand Chetti, Paliyan, Soliga, Gouli, Jenukuruba, Bettakuruba, Hakki Pikki, and Siddi.

Other minor national languages spoken in Karnataka are Konkani, Malayalam, Bengali, Odia, and Rajasthani.