Conversion Rate between Primary and Secondary Agricultural Commodities [Agriculture in India]

Conversion Ratio
Conversion Rate between Primary and Secondary Agricultural Commodities
Conversion rate or conversion ratio can be defined as the ratio of secondary commodity obtain from primary agri produce. It helps us to understand the cost involved in a final product.


CommodityConversion Factor
Rice (Chawal)
Rice Cleaned2/3 of Paddy Production
Rice Bran8% of Paddy Production
Rice Bran Oil14% of Rice Bran
Cotton (Kapas)
Cotton Lint1/3 of Seed Cotton (Kapas)
Cotton Seed2/3 of Seed Cotton
2 Times of Cotton Lint Production
Oil to Seeds Crushed14-18%
Cake to Seeds Crushed82-86%
Jute
100 Yards of Hessian54 lbs. of Raw Jute
4148 Yards of Hessian1 Ton of Raw Jute
(5.55 Bales of Raw Jute (of 180 Kgs. Each)
1 Ton of Sacking1.11 Tons of Raw Jute
6.17 Bales of Raw Jute (of 180 Kgs. Each)
1 Ton of Hessian1.05 Tons of Raw Jute
Sacking5.85 Bales of Raw Jute (of 180 Kgs. Each)
Groundnut (Moongfali)
Kernel to Nuts in Shell70%
Oil to Nuts in Shell28%
Oil to Kernels Crushed40%
Cake to Kernels Crushed60%
Sesamum (Til)
Oil to Seeds Crushed40%
Cake to Seeds Crushed60%
Rapeseed (Canola) and Mustard (Sarso)
Oil to Seeds Crushed33%
Cake to Seeds Crushed67%
Linseed (Alsi)
Oil to seeds Crushed33%
Cake to Seeds Crushed67%
Castor seed (Arandi)
Oil to Seeds Crushed37%
Cake to Seeds Crushed63%
Coconut (Nariyal)
Copra to Nuts1 Ton of Copra = 6773 Nuts
Oil to Copra Crushed62%
Cake to Copra Crushed38%
Niger seed (Kala Til)
Oil to Seeds Crushed28%
Cake to Seeds Crushed72%
Kardi Seed (Kusum Beej)
Oil to Seeds Crushed40%
Cake to Seeds Crushed60%
Mahua Seed
Oil to Seeds Crushed36%
Cake to Seeds Crushed64%
Neem Seed
Oil to Kernels Crushed45-50%
Cake to Kernels Crushed50-55%
Soyabean Seed
Oil to Seed Crushed18%
Meal to Seed Crushed73%
Hull from Seed Crushed8%
Wastage from Seed Crushed1%
Sugar (Chini)
Gur from Cane Crushed11.20-11.50%
Crystal Sugar from Gur Refined (Gur Refineries)62.5%
Crystal Sugar from Cane Crushed (Cane Factories)10.20%
Khandasari Sugar (Sulphur and Non-sulphur) from standard Gur Refined46%
Molasses from Cane Crushed4.0-4.5%
Cane-Trash* from Cane Harvested8.0-12.0%
Lac (Lakh)
Lac Seed 66.0% of Stick Lac
Lac Shell 57.4% of Stick, or
87.0% of Seed Lac
Cashew (Kaju)
Cashew Kernel25% of Cashew (Shelled)
Almonds (Badam)
Almond Kernel~50% of Almond (Shelled)
Walnuts (Akhroth)
Walnut Kernel~53% of Walnut (Shelled)
Pistachio (Pista)
Pistachio Kernel~80-95% of Pistachio (Shelled)
Palm (Tad)
Palm Oil19% of Palm Oil Fruit
Palm Fruit Kernel6% of Palm Oil Fruit
Palm Kernel Oil46% of Palm Fruit Kernel
Palm Kernel Cake54% of Palm Fruit Kernel
Sunflower (Soorajmukhi)
Sunflower Oil41% of Sunflower Seed
Sunflower Cake47% of Sunflower Seed

*It consists of leaves and portion of the top of stalk which are removed from the cane stalk while harvesting. The cane is removed before sending for milling.

Also Read: Harvest Index for Different Crops