Agroclimatic Zones of Uttarakhand

Agroclimatic Zones of Uttarakhand
Agroclimatic Zones of Uttarakhand
Like any other state in India, agriculture and allied sector employ more than half of population in Uttarakhand. It contributes to 11 per cent of Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP). So, it became necessary for anyone to understand the pattern between crops and climate. The state of Uttarakhand can be divided into two agroclimatic zones for that purpose on the basis of climate, soil and topography. The two agroclimatic zones of Uttarakhand are

1. Tarai, Bhabar and Valleys
This region comprises districts of Udham Singh Nagar, Haridwar and parts of Dehradun and Nainital districts. This area is suitable for the growth of Mango, Litchi, Grapefruit, Orange, Lemon, Aonla, Guava, and Pomegranate.

2. Hills
It consists of Uttarakashi, Tehri, Pauri, Chamoli, Rudraprayag, Almora, Bageshwar, Champawat, Pithoragarh and parts of Dehradun and Nainital districts. Fruits such are Apple, Pear, Peach, Plum, Khumani and Walnut are produced here.

Hills can be further sub classified into Low Hills, High Hills, and Alpines.

Low hills can be defined by the elevation in range between 1000-1500 m above sea level. This area is marked by unirrigated stretches of sub-tropical land. It include parts of Pauri, Tehri, Dehradun and Nainital districts.

High hills
can be defined by the elevation in range of 1500-2500 m above sea level. This area is delineated by cool and temperate climate; and includes parts of Uttarkashi, Nainital, Rudraprayag, Pauri, Bageshwar, Champawat and Chamoli.

Lastly, Alpine region can be defined by the elevation above 2500 meters. This area is characterised by sparse vegetation, mainly herbs and small mountaineous plants. This includes parts of Uttarkashi, Chamoli and Pithoragarh.

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