Scientific Names of Crops, Plants, Fruits, Spices and Vegetables

plants, fruits and vegetables botanical names
Scientific Name for Mango: Mangifere indica
A botanical name is a formal scientific name given to a particular specimen. It helps one to avoid confusion in terms of naming similar species.



Common NameScientific Name
Cereals and millets
RiceOryza sativa Linn.
WheatTriticum aestivum L. Triticum sativum, Lamk.
MaizeZea mays Linn.
RyeSecale cereale Linn.
OatAvena sativa Linn.
BarleyHordeum vulgare Linn.
Sorghum, JowarSorghum bicolor Pers.
Pearl millet, BajraPennisetum glaucum Linn.
Finger millet, RagiEleusine coracana Gaertn.
Barnyard millet (kuthiraivali)Echinochloa frumentacea Roxb.
Italian millet (thenai)Setaria italica. Linn.
Kodo millet (varagu)Paspalum scrobiculatum. Linn.
Common millet (panivaragu)Panicum millaceum Linn.
Little millet (samai)Panicum milleare Linn.
Pulses
Black gram, Kalai, UrdVigna mungo var, radiatus Linn.
Chickling vetch, khesariLathyrus sativus Linn.
Chickpea, GramCicer arietinum Linn.
CowpeaVigna sinensis Savi
Green gram Mung or MoongVigna radiatus Roxb.
Horse gram, kulthiMacrotyloma uniflorum Linn.
LentilLens esculenta Moench
Moth beanPhaseolus aconitifolia Linn.
PeasPisum sativum Linn.
Pigeon pea, Arhar, TurCajanas cajan Millsp. (Cajanus indicus)
PillipesaraPhaseolus trilobus.
SoybeanGlycine max. Linn. Merr.
Oilseeds
Black mustardBrassica nigra Linn. Koch.
CastorRicinus communis Linn.
CoconutCocus nucifera Linn.
Groundnut/peanutArachis hypogaea Linn.
Indian mustard or raiBrassica Cass Linn.
Indian rape or toriaBrassica napeustris Linn., var, napus
NigerGuizotia abyssinica Cass
LinseedLinum usitatissimum Linn.
SafflowerCarthamus tinctorious Linn.
Sesame/Gingelly/TilSesamum indicum Linn.
SunflowerHelianthus annus Linn.
White mustardBrassica alba Linn.
Oil palmElaeis guinensis.
Fibre Crops
CottonGossypium spp.
JuteCorchorus spp.
MestaHibiscus cannabinus Linn.
SunnhempCrotalaria juncea Linn.
Fumitories, Masticatorias
Tobacco (Desi)Nicotiana tobacum.
Tobacco (Calcutta)Nicotiana rustica.
Starches
Pine appleAnanas sativa Schutt.
PotatoSolanum tuberosum Linn.
Sugar beetBeta vulgaris Linn.
SugarcaneSaccharum officinarum Linn.
Sweet potatoIpomea batatus Lann.
TapiocaManihot esculenta crantz.
Spices
Black pepperPiper nigrum L.
Betel vinePiper betle L.
CardamomElettaria cardamomum Matora.
CorianderCoriandrum sativum Linn.
GarlicAllium sativum Linn.
GingerZingiber officinale Rose
OnionAllium cepa Linn.
Red pepper, ChilliesCapsicum annum Linn.
TurmericCurcuma longa Linn.
Forage Grasses
Buffel grass, AnjanCenchrus ciliaris.
Dallis grassPaspalum dilatatum Poir.
Dinanath grassPennisetum.
Guinea grassPanicum maximum Jacq.
Marvel grassDicanthium annulatum (Forsk.)
Napier or Elephant grassPennisetum purpureum Schum.
Pangola grassDigitaria decumbens Stent.
Para grassBrachiaria mutica.
Sudan grassSorghum sudanense Stapf.
TeosinteEuchlaena mexicana Schrad.
Blue panicumPanicum antidotale Retz.
Forage Legumes
Berseem/Egyptian CloverTrifolium alexandrinum Linn.
CentrosemaCentrosema pubescens.
Gaur/Cluster beanCyamopsis tetragonoloba Taub.
Lucerne/AlfalfaMedicago sativa Linn.
SiratoMacroptlium atropurpureum.
Velvet BeanMucuna cochinchinensis Brot.
Plantation Crops
BananaMusa paradisiaca L.
Areca PalmAreca catechu Linn.
ArrowrootMaranta arundinacea L.
CacaoTheobroma cacao Linn.
CoconutCocos nucifera Linn.
CoffeeCoffea arabica Linn.
TeaCamellia theasinesis O. Ktze.
Green Manure Crops
DainchaSesbania aculeata Poir.; Sesbania speciosa Tam.
SunnhempCrotolaria juncea Linn. (Sanappai)
Manila agathiSesbania rostrata.
SittagathiSesbania sesban.
Fruits
AlmondAmygdalus communis
AppleMalus pumila
BananaMusa Cavendishii; M. Paradisiaca; M. sapientum
Cashew nutAnacardium occidentale
CitronCitrus medica
GrapeVitis vinifera
MangoMangifere indica
OrangeCitrus sinensis
PineappleAnanas comosus
TamarindTamarindus indica
TangerineCitrus medica
Vegetables
Ash GourdBeniacasa cerifera Savi.
Bitter gourdMomordica charantia Linn.
Bottle gourdLagenaria leucantha Rusby.
BrinjalSolanum melongena Linn.
Broad beanVicia faba Linn.
CabbageBrassica oleracea var. capitata Linn.
Chinese cabbageB. pekinensis (Lour) Rupr.
CarrotDaucus carota Linn.
CauliflowerBrassica oleracea var. botrytis Linn.
ColocasiaColocasia esculenta (L). Schott.
CucumberCucumis sativus Linn.
Double beanPhaseolus lunatus Linn.
Elephant ear/edible arumColocasia antiquorum Schott.
Elephant foot/yamAmorphophallus campanulatus Bheme.
French beanPhaseolus vulgaris Linn.
Knol kholBrassica oleracea var. Caulorapa Pasq.
Lesser yamDioscorea alata L.
LettuceLactuca sativa Linn.
Must MelonCucumis melo Linn.
Pointed gourd/ParwalTrichosanthes diora Roxb.
PumpkinCucurbita moschata Dutch.
RadishRaphanus sativus Linn.
BhendiAbelmoschus esculentus Linn.
Red pumpkinCucurbita maxima Duch.
Ridge gourdLuffa acutangula Roxb.
SpinachSpinacia oleracea Linn.
Snake gourdTrichosanthes anguina. Linn.
TomatoLycopersicum esculentus Mill.
TurnipBrassica campestris var. rapa Linn.
WatermelonCitrullus vulgaris schrad.
YamDioscorea esculenta L.
Medicinal Crops
AloeAloe vera.
AshwaganthaWithania somnifera Dunai.
BelladonnaAtropa belladona Linn.
Bishop's weedAmmi visnaga Linn.
BringarajEclipta alba.
CinchonaCinchona sp.
ColeusColeus forskholli Briq.
DioscoreaDioscorea bulbifera Linn.
DuboisiaDuboisia myoporoides Brown.
Glory LilyGloriosa superba Linn.
IpecaeCephaelis ipecacuanha Linn.
Long pepperPiper longum Linn.
Opium poppyPapav somniferum.
Prim roseOenothera lamarekiana Linn.
RoselleHibiscus sabdariffa Linn.
SarpagandhaRauvalfia serpentine Benth.
SennaCassia angustifolia Vahl.
Sweet FlagAcorus calamus Linn.
ValerianaValeriana wallaichii.
Aromatic Crops
AmbretteeAbelmoschus moschatus Medic.
CeleryApium graveolens Linn.
CitronellaCymbopogon winterianus Jowitt.
GeraniumPelargonium graveolens.
JasmineJasminum grantiflorum.
KhusVetiveria zizanoids.
LavenderLavendula sp. Linn.
Lemon grassCymbopogon flexuosus Stapf.
MintMint sp.
PalmarosaCymbopogon martini.
PatchouliPogostemon cablin Benth.
Sandal woodSantalum album.
Sacred Basil (Tulsi)Ocimum sanctum Linn.
TuberosePolianthus tuberosa Linn.
Other Economic Crops
AnnattoBixa orellana.
Camphor BasilOcimum kilimandscharicum.
HennaLawsonia inermis Linn.
PyrethrumChrysanthemum cineraraefolium.

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