India - Size and Location (Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Notes)

India - Size and Location (Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Notes)
India and its Neighbout Countries
Land
  1. India lies entirely in Northern hemisphere.
  2. It's mainland extends from 8°4'N  to 37°6'N latitude and  68°7'E  and  97°25'E longitude.
  3. The tropic of cancer divides India into two almost equal parts.
  4. The tropic of cancer passes through the 8 Indian states. These are Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram.
  5. It has two two Island groups, Andaman and Nicobar Islands lies and Lakshadweep Islands lies in southeast and southwest direction of the mainland respectively.
Trick to Remember States Passing Through Tropic of Cancer: MiRa's JCB at GMT. Each capitalized letter corresponds to the state name: Mi: Mizoram, Ra: Rajasthan, J: Jharkhand, C: Chhattissgarh, B: Bihar, G: Gujarat, M: Madhya Pradesh and T: Tripura.

Size
  1. India is the seventh largest country in the world after Russia, Canada, China, USA, Brazil and Australia in terms of landmass.
  2. It has landmass of 3.28 million sq km which is 2.4% of overall earth landmass.
  3. It has land boundary of 15200 km and coastline of 7516.6 km.
  4. India is bounded by the Great Himalayan range from the north, the Arabian Sea from the west, the Bay of Bengal from the east and the Indian Ocean from the south.
  5. India has one single standard time. The standard meridian of India is passing through Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh (82°30'E). However, there is a time of two hour from Gujarat and Arunachal Pradesh.

India and the World

  1. India lies in the centre of East and West Asia.
  2. India's central position in the Indian position allows it to easily trade with Europe, West Asia and Africa from its western coast and Southeast and East Asia from its eastern coast.
  3. In ancient times, India has eastablished trade relationship through various passages in Northern Himalayas.
  4. India has 29 states and 7 union territories.
  5. India shares its boundary with Pakistan and Afghanistan in the northwest, China (Tibet), Nepal and Bhutan in the north and Myanmar and Bangladesh in the east.
  6. India ans Srilanka are separated by a narrow sea channel known as the Palk Strait whereas Maldives islands are situated in the south of Lakshadweep islands.