Facts about Nagaland (Know Your States)

Map of Nagaland
Know Your State: Nagaland
Nagaland is one of the seven sister states of Northeast India. It shares its border with Assam on west, Arunachal Pradesh and Assam on north, Myanmar on east, and Manipur on south. The capital of Nagaland is Kohima and Dimapur is the largest city in terms of both area and population. It has total population of 1,980,602 making it 5th smallest in terms of population and with total area of 16,579 km, it is the 6th smallest state of India in terms of total area.

The state is populated by 16 major tribes. Each tribe has its own unique culture, language and rituals. English is the official language of the state wheareas Nagamese Creole is the unofficial working language of the state

Nagaland is an argarian state and it is known for its rice, corn, millets, pulses, tobacco, oilseeds, sugarcane, potatoes, and fibres. Naga Mircha and Naga Tree Tomato are two agricultural produce which have received GI Tag by WTO.

The state is known inter-ethnic conflict since independence of India. The violence and insecurity have stagnated the economic growth of Nagaland. It lies equidistant from the Golden Triangles of Indo-China-Myanmar and Indo-Myanmar-Bangaladesh. Till 1963, it was a union territory and on 1 December 1963, it became 16th state of India. As of now, it has 12 districts with 74 administrative blocks.

Nagaland is a hilly area. More than 78 per cent of Nagaland is covered with forest and known as one of the biodiversity hotspots of the world.  Mount Saramati is the highest peak of the Nagaland and its accompanying ranges forms a natural boundary between India and Myanmar.


NagalandState Profile
Total Area 16,579 sq km
LatitudeBetweenn 25°6' and 27°4' North
LongitudeBetween 93°20'E and 95°15' East
Date of Formation1st December 1963
State Capital Kohima
Commercial CentreDimapur
Railway HeadDimapur
Airport HeadDimapur
Largest CityDimapur
Largest Village Kohima Village
Population 19,80,602 Persons (Census 2011)
Population Density 119 per sq km
Decadal Population Growth-0.47%
Working Population42.74%
Sex Ratio 931
Literacy Rate80.11%
Male Literacy Rate82.75%
Female Literacy Rate70.01%
Official Language English
Loksabha Seats1
Rajyasaba Seats1
Rainfall2000-2500 mm
Forest Area12966 sq km (78.20)
Highest Peak Saramati 3840 meters
Main Rivers Dhansiri, Doyang, Dhiku, Tizu
Districts1. Dimarpur, 2. Kiphire, 3. Kohima, 4. Longleng, 5. Mokokchung, 6. Mon, 7. Peren, 8. Pehk, 9. Tuensang, 10. Wokha, 11. Zunheboto and 12. Noklak.
Number of Blocks74
Seasons
Heavy RainMay to August
Occasional rainfallSeptember to October
Dry SeasonNovember To April
State Boundaries
EastMyanmar & Arunachal Pradesh
WestAssam
NorthAssam & Arunachal Pradesh
SouthManipur
TribesAngami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Khiamniungan, Kuki, Konyak, Kachari, Lotha, Phom, Pochury, Rengma, Sumi, Sangtam, Yimchungru, Ziliang.
ReligionsChristianity (88.1%), Hindu (8.7%), Islam (2.4%), Buddhism (0.3%) and others
State Symbols
AnimalMithun
BirdBlyth's tragopan (Tragopan blythii)
FlowerRhododendron
TreeAlder


Also Read
History of NagalandGeography of NagalandTribes of NagalandDistricts of Nagaland
Folk FestivalsFolk DancesNaga Mothers AssociationNewspapers in Nagaland
AgricultureRiversHydro Power PlantsNational Highways
GovernorsForestNagaland Startup PolicyNagaland Municipal Act