Languages of Tripura

tripura map
Tripura
Bengali, English and Kokborok are the official languages of Tripura. English is mainly used for the official purpose. Bengali is the most spoken language in urban centres whereas Kokborok is the most spoken tribal language.

As of 2001 census, major languages alongwith number of their speakers in Tripura are

Language Number Percentage
Bengali 2,47,994 67.14
Kokborok 8,14,375 25.46
Hindi 53,691 1.68
Mogh 28,850 0.9
Oriya 23,899 0.75
Bishnupriya Manipuri 21,716 0.68
Manipuri 20,716 0.65
Halam 17,990 0.56
Garo 11,312 0.35

Other minor languages which are spoken in Tripura are Chakma, Chin, Darlong, Hmar, Hrangkhol, Kharia, Khasi, Koch, Kurumukar, Kurux, Marma, Mizo, Mundari, Tangkhul, Ralte, Ranglong, Riang, Sakachep, Santhali, Sylheti and Vaiphei.

Literature
Tripura is known for its rich written and oral literary tradition. With the patronage of the Manikya rulers and influence of Rabindranath Tagore, the Bengali literature of Tripura grew expontentially. On another hand, with increasing literacy rates, Kokborok literature is also making waves in literary scene of Tripura. Kokborok belongs to Tibeto-Burman group, but uses Bengali script for writing.

Some of the prominent literary figures from Tripura are Sankha Subhra Devbarman, Khagesh Dev Burman, Snehamoy Roy Chowdhuri, Nanda Kumar Debbarma, Bodhrai Debbarma, Rabindrakishore Debbarma and Sefali Debbarma.