List of Newspapers in India Published Before Independence

Front page of Hickey's Bengal Gazette
Hickey's Bengal Gazette (India's First Newspaper)/Source: Wikimedia
Nowadays newspapers are synonymous with morning routine. Many of us first grab newspapers before taking sip of coffee. But there was a time, when newspapers were more than stock market analyst or mouthpiece of a political party, they were actually wheels of revolution and played an instrumental role in our Independence. Here is the list of such prominent newspapers that emerged during British Raj and played an vital role in our country's struggle to achieve freedom.

The Bengal Gazette
Founded: 1780
Founding Editor: JK Hickey
Language: English
Note: First Newspaper in India

Madras Courier
Founded: 1785
Founder: Richard Johnson
Founding Editor: Hugh Boyd
Language: English
Note: First Newspaper in Madras

Bombay Herald
Founded: 1789
Language: English
Note: First Newspaper in Bombay (Maharashtra). It later changed its name to the Bombay Gazette.

Samachar Darpan
Founded: 1818
Founder/Publisher: Baptist Missionary Society
Founding Editor: John Clark Marshman
Language: Bengali
Note: It was the first Indian newspaper in any vernacular language.

Sambad Kaumudi
Founded: 1821
Founding Editor: Raja Ram Mohun Roy
Language: Bengali
Note: It was a weekly.

Mirat-ul-Akhbar
Founded: 1822
Founding Editor: Raja Ram Mohun Roy
Language: Persian
Note: First Persian language Newspaper

Banga Dutta
Founded: 1822
Founding Editor: Raja Ram Mohun Roy
Language: Bengali, Persian, Hindi and English
Note: First weekly published in multiple languages

Bombay Samachar
Founded: 1822
Founding Editor: Fardunjee Marzban
Language: Gujarati and English
Note: First newspaper in Gujarati and oldest continuously published newspaper in India.

East Indian
Founded: 1822
Founding Editor: HLV Derozio
Language: English

Darpan

Founded: 1832
Founding Editor: Balshastri Jambhekar
Language: Marathi
Note: First Marathi language newspaper.

Sambad Parvakar

Founded: 1832
Founder: Ishwar Chandra Gupta
Language: Bengali
Note: First Bengali daily newspaper.

Times of India
Founded: 1838
Founder: Raobahadur Narayan Dinanath Velkar
Founding Editor: J.E. Brennan
Language: English
Note: Initially started as the Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce. Oldest English language newspaper in India still in circulation.

Digdarshan
Founded: 1840
Founding Editor: Balshastri Jambhekar
Language: Marathi
Note: First Marathi language monthly magazine.

Mangaluru Samachara
Founded: 1843
Founder: Rev. Hermann Friedrich Mögling
Language: Kannada
Note: First and oldest running newspaper in Kannada

Hindoo Patriot
Founded: 1853
Founding Editor: Girish Chandra Ghosh
Language: English
Note: Weekly

Rast Goftar (The Truth Teller)
Founded: 1854
Founding Editor: Dadabhai Naoroji
Language: Gujarati
Note: Fortnight paper especially published for Parsi community.

Som Prakash
Founded: 1858
Founding Editor: Dwarakanath Vidyabhusan
Language: Bengali
Note: A weekly newspaper conceptualized by Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar. He also helped Dwarkanath Vidhyabhushan in editorials.

Indian Mirror
Founded: 1861
Founding Editors: Manmohan Ghosh and Devendranath Tagore
Language: Bengali
Note: Published from Kolkata

Native Opinion
Founded: 1864
Founding Editor: VN Mandalik
Language: English
Note: Stated Marathi Edition in 1866

The Pioneer
Founded: 1865
Founder: George Allen
Language: English
Note: second oldest English language newspaper in India still in circulation

Kavi Vachan Sudha
Founded: 1867
Founding Editor: Bhartendu Harishchandra
Language: Hindi
Note: Monthly

Amrita Bazar Patrika
Founded: 1868
Founders: Sisir Kumar Ghose and Moti Lal Ghosh
Founding Editor: Mahmud Hossain
Language: Bengali
Note: Became bilingual weekly in 1871. Became a daily in 1891. Described as the best nationalist newspaper in India by Vladimir Lenin in 1920. It is also oldest Indian owned English daily newspaper.

Tahzib-ul-Akhlaq
Founded: 1871
Founding Editor: Sir Syyed Ahmad Khan
Language: Urdu

Bangadarshan
Founded: 1872
Founding Editor: Bankimchandra Chatterji
Language: Bengali
Note: Revived under the editorship of Rabindranath Tagore in 1901

The Statesman and New Friend of India
Founded: 1875
Founding Editor: Robert Knight
Language: English
Note: Daily

The Hindu
Founded: 1878
Founding Editor:     G. Subramania Iyer
Language: English
Note: Originally started as Triplicane Six

The Bengalee
Founded: 1879
Founding Editor: Surendranath Banerjee
Language: English

The Tribune
Founded: 1881
Founder: Dayal Singh Majeetia
Founding Editor: Rajesh Ramachandran
Language: English

Kesari
Founded: 1881
Founding editor: Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Language: Marathi

Maratha
Founded: 1881
Founding editor: Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Language: English

Swadesimitram
Founded: 1882
Founding Editor: G. Subramania Iyer
Language: Tamil

Paridasak
Founded: 1886
Founding Editor: Bipin Chandra Pal
Language: Bengali

Deepika
Founded: 1887
Founding Editor: Nidhiry Mani Kathanar
Language: Malayalam
Note: Oldest Malayalam newspaper in circulation

Sudharak
Founded: 1887
Founding Editor: Gopal Ganesh Agarkar
Language: English/Marathi

Prabuddha Bharata (Awakened India)
Founded: 1896
Founders: P Aiyasami, BR Rajam Iyer, GG Narasimhacharya and BV Kamesvara Iyer
Language: English
Note: India's longest running journal.

Udbodhana
Founded: 1899
Founder:  Swami Vivekananda
Language: Bengali

Krishna Patrika
Founded: 1902
Founder: Krishna Rao
Language: Telugu

New India
Founded: 1902
Founder: Annie Besant
Language: English

Bande Mataram
Founded: 1905
Founder: Aurobindo Ghosh
Language: Bengali

Jugantar Patrika
Founded: 1906
Founder:  Barindra Kumar Ghosh, Abhinash Bhattacharya and Bhupendranath Dutt.
Lanugage: Bengali

Free Hindustan
Founded: 1907
Founder: Tarak Nath Das
Language: English

Swadesh Sevak (Servants of the Motherland)
Founded: 1907
Founder: Tarak Nath Das
Language: Gurumukhi (Punjabi)

Bande Mataram (Paris publication)
Founded: 1909
Founded by Madam Bhikaji Cama
Language: English

Talwar
Founded: 1909
Founded by Madam Bhikaji Cama
Language: English
Note: Originally named Madan's Talwar after Shaheed Madan Lal Dhingra.

The Leader
Founded: 1909
Founder: Madan Mohan Malviya
Language: English

Bombay Chronicle
Founded: 1910
Founder: Firoze Shah Mehta
Founding Editor: BG Horniman
Language: English

The Comrade
Founded: 1911
Founder: Mohammad Ali Johar
Language: English

Al-HilalFounded: 1912
Founder: Abul Kalam Azad
Language: Urdu
Note: It was forcibly shut down under the Press Act of 1914. Azad in response started another Urdu weekly, the Al-Balagh in 1914.

Pratap

Founded: 1913
Founder: Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi

Commonweal
Founded: 1914
Founding Editor: Annie Besant
Language: English

Independent
Founded: 1919
Founder: Motilal Nehru
Founding Editor: BG Horniman and Syed Hussain
Language: English

Navjivan
Founded: 1919
Founder: MK Gandhi
Language: Gujarati

Young India
Founded: 1919
Founder: MK Gandhi
Language: English

Mooknayak (Leader of the Silent)
Founded: 1920
Founder: BR Ambedkar
Language: Marathi
Note: Started with the help of 2500 rupee by Shahaji II, then Maharaj of Kolhapur.

Vanguard
Founded: 1922
Founder: MN Roy
Language: English

Hindustan Times
Founded: 1924
Founder: Sunder Singh Lyallpuri
Founding  editor: KM Panikkar
Language: English

Kudi Arasu

Founded: 1925
Founding editor: Periayar
Language: Tamil

Harijan
Founded: 1932
Founder: MK Gandhi
Language: Hindi, English and Gujarati
Note: Started from Yerwada Jail. Harijan was published in English. The Gujarati Edition was known as Harijan Bandu and Hindi Edition used to published as Harijan Sevak.

Hindustan Dainik

Founded: 1936
Founder: Madan Mohan Malaviya
Language: Hindi