Public Ponds of Kerala

A Temple Pond of Kerala/Image Credit: Sreekanth
The Mother Nature has gifted Kerala with plenty of water resources in the form of a network of rivers, lakes and backwaters. However the growing population and erratic monsoons posses a challenge to its water resources. Henceforth one can see the numerous water ponds in the state.

Numerically speaking, there are a total of 18681 documented public ponds across 14 districts of Kerala. Palakkad leads the chart with 5411 ponds followed by Kannur (2414) and Alappuzha (1580).

These ponds not only provide potable drinking water, they also act as little pockets of biodiversity as they house a variety of local flora and fauna. These ponds especially temple ponds (locally known as ambalakkulam) are regarded nursey of medicinal herbs, for example, Brahmi (Bacupa lIlullieri Pennell), Mukkutti (Biophytlllll sensitivum DC.) and Thumba (Lellccas aspera Spr.).

Number of Public Ponds in Kerala by Each District

DistrictNumber of Ponds
Thiruvananthapuram1086
Kollam709
Pathanamthitta582
Alappuzha1580
Kottayam853
Idukki973
Ernakulam932
Thrissur1198
Malappuram1153
Kozhikode445
Wayanad733
Palakkad5411
Kannur2414
Kasaragod612
Kerala18681

Source: Temple tanks - the ancient water harvesting systems of Kerala and their multifarious roles by S. Maya